GPS over Fibre
Extend the distance between the GPS antenna and the GPS repeater/receiver to reach places where signals are otherwise unavailable, where installation of coaxial cable is impractical.
A GPS receiving antenna is placed outside the building, preferably at roof level where it has a clear view of the sky to ensure it can “see” as many satellites as possible.
A coaxial cable runs from the antenna to a location just inside the building, and terminates on an optical transmitter (TX) module. It can be placed inside a waterproof enclosure if it needs to be placed outdoors.
The transmitter module converts the RF signals into light by modulating a laser light source; the modulated light is then transported through an optical fibre to the optical receiver (RX) module.
The RX module converts the light signal back into its original RF form, then amplifies and impedance matches it to the attached GPS receiver/repeater.
Single-mode fibre can be used to transport signal over long distances – typically 10 km.
In a large building or campus environment, multi-mode fibre can be used to extend the distance between antenna and receiver/repeater up to 1500 meters.
GPS over fibre applications
Benefits of fibre optic cable
- Increased range when compared to coaxial cable systems – up to 1,500 metres on multi-mode fibre, and 10Km over single-mode fibre
- Optical fibre is a non-conducting dielectric glass media, is immune to strong electromagnetic fields and can be installed near high-voltage cables
- Signals suffer minimal degradation or delay
- Optical fibres can be routed safely through explosive or flammable atmospheres, for example, in petrochemical industries or munitions sites, without risk of ignition
- With the appropriate conversion devices, optical fibres can carry a huge range of RF signals with much less energy than copper cable and with significantly higher bandwidth
- Compared to thick, low-loss coaxial cable it is small, lightweight, easier to install and is durable
- The cost of a 200m single-mode fibre link is lower than the equivalent length of coaxial cable and amplifiers
There are many ways in which GPS over fibre can be used, aside from the three shown above.
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